Dietary intake

Monitoring progress towards achieving the Scottish Dietary Goals by looking at dietary intakes. 

In Scotland, Dietary Goals are used to benchmark the national diet and where we need to be. Food Standards Scotland monitor progress towards achieving the Scottish Dietary Goals by looking at dietary intakes.

On average we eat 2.9 portions of fruit and vegetables each day
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Monitoring dietary intakes using Intake24

Intake24 is an online 24 hr dietary tool developed by Newcastle University and commissioned by Food Standards Scotland. Intake24 is designed to collect detailed dietary intake data, and was piloted in the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS) in 2018.

Most recent report:

Previous reports:

Secondary analysis of the Living Costs and Food Survey

Secondary analysis of the Living Costs and Food Survey has been our primary method of monitoring against the Scottish Dietary Goals since 2001, with data available up to 2018. The aim of this work has been to monitor annual trends in food consumption and nutrient intakes using a robust methodology developed to convert purchase to consumption.

Most recent report:

Previous reports:

The National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS)

The NDNS rolling programme is a continuous, cross-sectional survey. It is designed to collect detailed, quantitative information on the food consumption, nutrient intake and nutritional status of the general population aged 1.5 years and over living in private households in the UK. Data from the Scottish boost enabled a direct comparison of intakes in Scotland with the rest of the UK.

Monitoring eating patterns and behaviours

Kantar are a market research company who collect longitudinal information on purchases into the home from a large Great Britain household consumer panel of around 30,000 panellists. Around 11,000 of these panellists also record the food and drink they eat at home or carry out (around 1,000 in Scotland). This subset of the main purchasing panel is called the usage panel.

Most recent reports:

Monitoring urinary sodium

As part of the NDNS rolling programme, adults aged 19 to 64 years in Scotland took part in surveys in 2014 and 2016 to provide a 24-hour urine collection to measure salt intakes. The survey in Scotland ran concurrently with the survey in England.

Most recent report:

Previous reports:

Monitoring children’s intakes

These reports explore the dietary intakes of children and young people in Scotland.

Most recent report:

Previous reports:

Vitamin D status in Scotland

There is limited data available on the vitamin D status of population groups in Scotland. The Scottish Health survey rolling programme has previously been used to obtain blood samples for vitamin D analyses and provide a marker of vitamin D status in adults.