Pilot of Intake24 in the Scottish Health Survey

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Intake24, an online dietary recall system designed to collect detailed dietary intake data, was piloted in the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS) in 2018. The pilot was carried out by Scotcen Social Research in partnership with Newcastle University. 

A total of 1056 participants completed two dietary recalls and this report provides detailed dietary intakes from a representative sample of people living in Scotland.  This forms part of FSS dietary surveillance programme to assess dietary intakes in Scotland against progress towards the Scottish Dietary Goals (SDGs).

Key findings of the pilot:

  • Reported intakes of saturated fat (12.8%) and non-milk extrinsic sugars (NMES) [1] (11.9%) need to reduce to meet the SDGs. 
  • Reported fruit and vegetable intake (2.9 portions per day) and fibre intake (15.9g per day) need to increase to meet the SDGs.
  • Reported intakes of total fat (33.8%) meet the SDG.

Overall, the approach taken to integrate Intake24 into the 2018 SHeS was broadly successful.

As this is a new methodology for monitoring diet in Scotland, it is not possible to compare directly with previous FSS dietary surveillance.  However, the results are broadly aligned with findings of other surveys which demonstrate that we are not meeting the majority of the SDGs and that diet in Scotland needs to change.

Download the full report below.


The report was updated on 10 February 2022.  

A total of 1056 participants completed two Intake24 recalls in the pilot study. However response data was only available for 1053 participants at the time of reporting due to a pilot study programming error, therefore some sections of the report state 1053 participants rather than 1056 participants.  This error does not impact the key findings.

Footnotes have been added to the sections of the report that refer to 1053 participants, and to the list of tables and figures.


[1] Please note that due to the food database used it was not possible to calculate free sugars.  The only difference between the definition of free sugars and NMES is that NMES also includes 50% of the sugars found in dried, stewed or canned fruit and vegetables, whereas none of the sugars found in dried, stewed or canned fruit and vegetables are included within the definition of free sugars.