Root cause analysis

Following a food safety incident, a food product may need to be recalled. When this happens, we recommend that the enforcement authority asks you to carry out a root cause analysis (RCA).

Root cause analysis is a method used to understand how and why a food safety incident happened. You can use the results to take action to prevent future incidents occurring.

We’ve produced the following documentation explaining more about RCA:

To help you carry out RCA in your food business, we've developed a root cause analysis e-learning tool.

External Resource

Root Cause Analysis e-learning

This e-learning course has been developed to provide business and local authorities with an understanding of the theory and practice of Root Cause Analysis (RCA). 

More on this topic


Withdrawals and recalls guidance

New guidance and tools for withdrawing or recalling unsafe food


Food incidents

A food incident occurs when there are concerns about threats to the safety or quality of food and/or feed.