Animal Feed

We make sure that feed, food, animal health and animal welfare is protected at all stages of production, processing and distribution.

This also means making sure people who, buy, process or use animal feed are given the information they need to make informed choices. On this page, you will find:

Please note, many of the links on this page will take you to an external website (food.gov.uk), and Food Standards Scotland has no responsibility for the content

What farm animals eat

Information on different types of animal feeds, regulatory controls on them, and international trade in animal feed.

Legislation

Animal Feedingstuffs

Animal feeding stuffs legislation

This is an outline guide on animal feed in Scotland, from The Agriculture Act of 1970 to current Scottish and EU legislation.

Feed Hygiene Regulations

EC Legislation: Feed Hygiene 183/2005

This advice on interpreting and implementing EC Regulation 183/2005, concerning animal feed hygiene is intended for the use of enforcement authority and feed industry stakeholders, including importers, feed manufacturers, merchants and on-farm growers and users of feed, as well as producers of feed for pets and other non-food-producing animals. All feed businesses covered by EC Regulation 183/2005 must comply with all those provisions which apply to their activity. There are no exceptions for small and medium-sized enterprises.

This guidance note cannot cover every situation and stakeholders may need to consider the legislation itself to see how it applies in their particular circumstances. However, this guidance note should help stakeholders comply with the law. Businesses with specific queries may wish to seek the advice of their Trading Standards department.

You can download our Q&A document.

All businesses that make, use or market animal feed in Scotland need to register with their local authority, under the Feed Hygiene Regulation of January 2006. This includes most livestock farms, arable farms that grow, use or sell crops for feed use, and fish farms.

Placing animal feed on the market

Regulatory guidance explaining how feed business operators should comply with provisions of EU Regulation 767/2009.

 How to apply for registration

Under the EU Feed Hygiene regulation (183/2005), there is a system for the approval and registrationof feed business establishments (premises) that manufacture, market, distribute or use animal feeds, including feed additives.

The approval and registration of feed premises is mainly carried out by local authorities in Scotland. Approval requires an inspection visit to the establishment by the local authority (trading standards feed officer) before the establishment is allowed to operate. Registration requires placing the establishment on a list to enable authorities to carry follow-up checks and take enforcement action as appropriate.

For animal feed businesses, there is guidance and information on applying for approval or registration on food.gov.uk.

The list of UK approved establishments is available on food.gov.uk.

Please note that the contact address is the publication is not correct for Scotland-  email enquiries@fss.scot

The Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) approve premises that market, manufacture or use specified feed additives (e.g. coccidiostats, histomonostats and non-antibiotic growth promoters) and a list of approved feed premises can be found on the VMD website.

Third country (non-EU countries) animal feed establishment representatives

Find the answers to questions on conditions of compliance, which feed additives and protein sources are covered, types of establishment and criteria for representation.

Feed establishments using certain additives in non-EU countries must have a representative registered in the EU.

Authorised feed additives

Additives

Feed additives

Answers to frequently asked questions on feed additives. Includes answers on the colourant canthaxanthin, unauthorised feed additives and undesirable substances in animal feed.

Undesirable substances in animal feed

Undesirable substances, more commonly known as contaminants, are defined in legislation as

'any substance or product, with the exception of pathogenic agents, which is present in and/or on the product intended for animal feed and which presents a potential danger to animal or human health or to the environment or could adversely affect livestock production'.

See more on food.gov.uk.

Mycotoxins

Mycotoxins, a group of chemicals occurring in moulds, can grow on a variety of different foods. As mycotoxins can cause adverse health effects in people, legislation and guidance has been produced to protect consumer safety.

Dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs

See more on food.gov.uk.

Pet food

The animal feed legislation applies to pet food. Guidance on the legislation.

Related Publications/Resources